Dalmatians love being outdoors


The Dalmatian is the only breed of dog with spots. Though the breed’s origins are not clear, he has been known throughout Europe since the Middle Ages. Chronicles from the 14th century suggest that the breed originated in the Mediterranean region around the Dalmatian coast in the Croatian Republic. The first standard for the breed was written in 1882 and in 1890 this standard was transferred to the official breed standard. The Dalmatian was once used as a carriage dog to protect travellers from thieves. When brought into the United States, the Dalmatian became a firehouse mascot and often helped locate and rescue fire victims. A versatile breed, the Dal has also been used for herding, drafting, ratting and performing as a circus dog.


The Dalmatian is outgoing and dignified. He is a true gentleman, in that he is quiet and courteous. Nevertheless, he has a protective nature and serves as a dependable watchdog. He is intelligent, devoted to his family and people-oriented.

Height: Males — 22 to 24 inches (56-61 cm); Females — 21 to 23 inches (53-58 cm)


Environment and Exercise

With his extreme stamina, he has the ability to travel great distances at a steady pace. He is strong, muscular and active, and requires lots of safe running room and regular exercise.


The Dalmatian is a medium-sized, smooth-coated breed. His unique spots are either black or liver (chocolate brown). He is clean by nature and has little, if any, “doggy odour.”

Dalmatians come in black spots or liver coloured spots


Dalmatians, as with other breeds, are susceptible to some health problems, some of a genetic nature, others viral. The Dalmatian Health Concerns document includes information on some of the known health concerns found in the breed.

Local Breeders

Information from Canada’s Guide to Dogs

Dalmatian Videos


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